- Hazrat Fatema (s.a.)
- Father’s name
- Hazrat Muhammad Ibn Abdullah (s.a.w.a.)
- Mother’s name
- Janabe Khadija (s.a.)
- Date of Birth
- 20th Jamaadius Saani in the fifth year of Besat
- Place of Birth
- Ummul Hasan, Ummul Husain, Ummul
Hasanain, Ummul Aimmah, Umme Abeeha,
- Zahra, Siddiqah, Mubarakah, Batul, , etc.
- 18 Years
- 3rd Jamadius Saani, 11 A.H.
- Jannatul Baqi in Madinah
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said, “Fatema is part of my flesh. One who has troubled her, surely he has troubled me”
Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) was born at a time when the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had successively lost his three sons viz. Qasim, Tayyeb and Tahir. The Quraish had scornfully given the title of ‘Abtar’ to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) as he was devoid of a son.
Consequently, Allah, the Almighty, revealed Surah Kauthar and Hazrat Fatema (s.a.w.a.) was born to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.): Surely, We have given you abundance (kauthar). Therefore pray to your Lord and make a sacrifice. Surely, your enemy is the one who shall be without posterity.
Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) received the best possible training in the environment of revelation. She became familiar to the sublime and lofty personalities of her parents at a very young age.
Hazrat Fatema (s.a.w.a.) has various titles that manifest her personality.
The infancy of Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) passed in exile in ‘Sheb-e-Abi Talib’ where the Muslims were forced to stay for three years. After the Muslims returned from exile, she lost her loving and affectionate mother. She saw her father striving hard to propagate Islam and withstand the tyranny of Quraish.
After the migration of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) the second batch of Muslims who migrated under the leadership of Imam Ali (a.s.) included Hazrat Fatema (s.a.). They met the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) at a place called ‘Quba’. Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) participated in many wars in his ten year stay in Madinah. While proceeding towards battlefield, she would be the last person whom he (s.a.w.a.) bid farewell. On his return, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) would meet her first.
As time passed, Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) became famous for her spirituality, knowledge, generosity, worship etc. Many marriage proposals came from famous Arabs like Abu Bakr, Umar, Abdur Rahman Ibn Auf, etc. but she rejected them all. Finally, on divine command, Imam Ali (a.s.) proposed for her (a.s.). The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) took consent from his daughter Fatema (s.a.) about the proposal, who accepted it without hesitation.
A society where girls were buried alive got a new facet to it wherein the girl was given freedom to accept the marriage proposal. This shows the independence of decision-making given to women in Islam.
The marriage of Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) became a model for the Muslims to follow. The dowry of the daughter of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) was so simple that one cannot believe that a Prophet who was commanding great esteem and respect in the entire Muslim world arranged for such a simple dowry. This marriage was opposed to marriages where there are unlimited difficulties involved and extravagance is the order of the day.
Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) bore five children. Imam Hasan (a.s.), Imam Husain (a.s.), Janabe Zainab (a.s.) and Janabe Kulsum (a.s.). Each one of them exhibited outstanding character, which manifested their training and upbringing. The fifth was Janabe Mohsin (a.s.) who was martyred by the oppressive Muslims while he had not yet stepped into this world.
Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) was a sacrificing daughter for her father, a loyal wife to her husband, a compassionate mother to her children and a helpful and cooperative master to the servant of her house.
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had gifted the ‘Fadak’ to Hazrat Fatema (s.a.), usurped by the Caliph after the former’s death.
Fadak was a village 140 kms from Madinah, which used to be a center of the Jews. After the battle of Khaibar, the possessors of Fadak laid down arms favoring peace. They agreed to give half of their yearly income from their fields to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.). This was gifted by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) to Janabe Zahra (s.a.)
Virtues of Hazrat Fatema (s.a.)
She (s.a.) is among those for whom the verse of Tatheer was revealed.
She (s.a.) was the one who was present in the event of Mubahila.
She (s.a.) is part of the flesh of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.). Whoever troubles her has indeed troubled the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.).
She was gifted a green tablet ‘Lauh-e-Fatemah’ by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) which was sent by Allah. It contains the names of the Divine Caliphs and successors of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.).
Her (s.a.) followers will be kept away from the fire of Hell.
Her (s.a.) dowry that Allah has accepted is that she has the right to intercede for the sins of her followers.
If Allah would have not created Imam Ali (a.s.), there would have been no suitor for her in this world.
She (s.a.) is the most respected woman in Paradise.
She (s.a.) stood in prayers till her feet were swollen.
She (s.a.) will be the first to enter paradise.
Reverence of Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) will help a person in 100 places like death, grave, the bridge, etc.
Wrath of Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) is Allah’s wrath.
Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s.) will be from her progeny.
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) expired in 11 A.H. and this was the beginning of unbearable difficulties for her. She was aggrieved and sorrowful by the death of her father. But this sorrow was not limited. It increased when the rightful Caliphate of Imam Ali (a.s.) was usurped. ‘Fadak’, which was gifted by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) was also taken away from her. People objected to her mourning. Imam Ali (a.s.) built a house famous as ‘Baitul Huzn’ (House of Grief) so that she can mourn for her father without disturbing the people.
This was not the end of her ordeals. The enemies were not satisfied with the usurpation of her property and the caliphate of Imam Ali (a.s.). Rather they came to the house of Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) with fire to burn down her house. She stood against the door and tried to stop the enemies from taking away Imam Ali (a.s.). But the stonehearted oppressors burnt the door and it fell upon the holy body of Hazrat Fatema (s.a.). This resulted in the miscarriage of her fifth child Mohsin. However, she bore all the difficulties patiently. Her grief and affliction was such that she used to cry: “Such great misfortune has fallen on me, that had it fallen on a bright day, it would have turned into a gloomy night.”
Even in the condition of injury, she never forsook the Imam of her time. During the nights, she along with Ameerul Momeneen Ali (a.s.) visited the companions of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and reminded them about their responsibilities but they preferred the world to the hereafter.
Finally, she left this world ninety days after the death of her father.
She made the following will in her last days: “I should be buried in the night and those who have harassed me should not participate in my burial.”
Thus making it clear for all that she left this world in a condition of anger with those who had usurped Fadak and the Caliphate.
While burying Janabe Zahra (s.a.), Imams Ali (a.s.) entreated to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) thus: Fatima your daughter is present before you. You enquire from her what the people did to us after you.